I had thought there were critical differences in the shape or size of the blade when it came to the difference between the Green Dragon (sometimes given as Black Dragon) kwan dao and the Spring Autumn Knife. The Spring and Autumn period in China was likely from 771 BC to 476 BC. There is some dispute about the date boundaries, so one could safely say 800 BC to 400 BC. If the esteemed military theorist Sun Tzu really lived, it is likely it would have been in this period. The era takes it name from The Spring and Autumn Annals, which chronicled the history of the state of Lu between 722 and 479 BC. Tradition awards Confucius with authorship.
Noted martial arts experts David Chang and Wing Lam are of the opinion the only real difference between the two weapons if the dragon’s mouth used where the blade meets the handle. It is not clear how historical this difference is.
Curiously, in other work, after a major outbreak of some viral hemorrhagic fever like Ebola devastates China (and the rest of the world) mathematical projections indicate that in many scenarios after losing a billion people China would tend to resemble what it was like 2500 years ago. Other countries do much worse. A very high price to pay for not pursuing vaccines or cures or even extended research on the causes underlying viral hemorrhagic fevers.
Since 1976 there have been 24 KNOWN outbreaks of Ebola. There have been 2,387 KNOWN cases and 1,590 KNOWN deaths. The virus was first intensively studied in Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of Congo). These early outbreaks were restricted to six African countries — Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Uganda and the Ivory Coast. The first known outbreak (next blog) was actually near Nazara in what is today South Sudan. It was the SUDV strain of the virus.
At present, we give the impact of the current outbreak in Western Africa with a few cases reported in Spain and the United States. All cases are believed to the EBOV strain, which was what was discovered in Zaire in 1976.
Slide decks have been e-published on the Presentations page
Birds of the Sun – uses the ornithology of Arctic Terns to lead into statistical projections of how many people in the Americas (by country) have autism spectrum disorders.
Rats of the Night – should more properly be Rodents of the Night. There are five Filoviruses that cause Ebola, one virus that needs more work and two viruses that cause Marburg Hemorrhagic fever. No hosts known yet. Some of the forty-odd Arenaviruses are known to cause hemorrhagic fevers in humans. Most arenaviruses are hosted by rodents. It is difficult determining how quickly the viruses mutate. This is important both for trying to design a vaccine (more likely more than one) and for guessing when things might get much worse. We North Americans need not worry about trying to quarantine arenaviruses – they have been here for years. Included are some estimates how far and how fast an epidemic can spread before we have The Blacker Death (as Michael Brewster liked to call it). That would be an international pandemic that we as a species might not be able to stop.
Scaling Down Martial Arts – usually martial art sets are taught by isolating individual movements. This implies that it is very important to teach movements that are used more than once in a set or in different sets. When teaching people with autism spectrum disabilities it is more effective to break down the movements themselves into chinemes. This is a word made up from the Chinese term chi = energy slipped into the existing English word kinemes (from Greek) meaning small gestures intended to communicate. A smile or a shrug is a kineme.
The Weinstein Company and NetFlix have agreed to make the new Crouching Tiger: Hidden Dragon available online as it debuts at IMAX cinemas.
The title will be Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon: The Green Legend. It is based on Wang Dulu’s five Crane-Iron novels (see my posts in October 2013), mostly the last book, Iron Knight, Silver Vase.
Michelle Yeoh returns for the sequel. Donnie Yen of Ip Man is the new leading man, with Yuen Woo-ping directing (True Legend, choreography on Kill Bill 2) with the script by John Fusco (Young Guns II, The Forbidden Kingdom, Hidalgo).
The scheduled release date is August 28, 2015. The Weinstein Company and Netflix already have a deal for the first season of Marco Polo, starting December 12 this year.
|Country||2014 Population||Autism estimate|
|Antigua and Barbuda||91,295||1,746|
|British Virgin Islands||32,680||625|
|Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)||2,840||54|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||51,538||986|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||102,918||1,969|
|Trinidad and Tobago||1,223,916||23,414|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||49,070||939|
|Saint Pierre and Miquelon||5,716||109|
Word from two correspondents in South America: (A) inflation in Argentina is approaching 40%. There are two problems with this – (1) it wipes out just about all financial and material resources for most families as goods must be sold to buy food at terribly high prices and (2) there is very little to stop inflation from worsening into the 50% and 60% ranges. It is not clear at that point if a country actually has a functioning currency
(B) inflation is now over 70% in Venezuela. The minimum wage guaranteed to all Venezuelans is 4252 bolivars. That should be about 675 US dollars but no one can get the official rates, so in practice one can get about 40 US dollars. The Venezuelan couple has an autistic son. He is very particular about what he eats – almost always two Big Macs, two fries and a soda for lunch. That would be about $15 in the US. It is currently costing nearly $25 – when there are Big Macs even available. It is apparently not any easier trying to buy ingredients. A tough situation.