As mentioned previously, one can learn and use throwing knives, rope darts, flying weights (Fei Tou), meteor hammers, and even several of the chain whips. These are all reasonable choices, and they certainly could make an opponent think twice. But there is another weapon that is, alas, extremely rare these days, even in China. We are speaking of the first true artillery. No, not early Chinese cannons or even rockets, but rather the bow and arrow.
The birch bark covered bows shown above were carried by both Manchurian mounted archers and foot soldiers during the Qing conquest of China. The Qing Dynasty ruled from 1644 to 1912. These recurved bows were typically larger and heavier that those used by defenders. This allowed Manchurians to shoot heavier arrows further.